girl that has causes of acne

What Are The Main Causes Of Acne


Despite extensive research into the causes of acne and why certain people consistently suffer, while others never experience a single bout of acne, it has never been scientifically proven as to the exact cause of acne.


There are however, contributing factors often associated with those who have acne and those who don’t, including:



Teenagers and zits, they always seem to go hand in hand, and it’s a time in our life that even those of us who have never suffered from acne before (or after) experienced the symptoms of breakouts.


In fact, studies have revealed that over 94% of the entire population between the ages of 12 and 24 have suffered from acne at one time or another.


The reason why acne is so common among teenagers is based around the hormone, androgens, which begin to work overtime as we approach puberty.


Androgens can cause our hair follicles and skin pores to become enlarged and extremely oily and when the oil mixes with our skin cells, it can cause our pores to become blocked, resulting in temporary acne breakouts.



Your Hormones

Hormones seem to play a major role in causing acne, and has been consistently linked to causing severe acne in both teenagers and adults.



It’s a Family Thing

It’s been said that while acne is not directly hereditary, if your parents suffered from severe acne, you are far more prone to acne yourself.


Scientists are still studying the links between children with acne and parents and no concrete evidence of a direct connection is available at this time.



Your Prescriptions

Depending on the type of medication you are on, specific prescription drugs are known to cause acne to flare up, especially anti depressant and anti anxiety medications, as well as specific types of steroids, barbiturates and lithium.


If you are on any medication and you believe that it is causing your acne to flare up, contact your doctor and discuss alternative prescription based options that you can take to avoid causing your acne to get worse.


DO NOT stop taking your medication until you consult with your family doctor.


Our Environment

If you’ve been exposed to chemicals at your workplace, or even at home with household cleaners, air fresheners or scented detergents, you might find that your existing acne may become temporarily irritated.


There have also been case studies performed where people who had no former history of acne began to experience extreme breakouts after being subjected to ongoing chemical cleaners, especially when cleaning without protecting their hands with gloves.


Other Factors That Cause Acne Include:

• Hormonal changes during menstrual cycles and puberty.
• Stress, as it causes an increase in output of hormones from the adrenal glands.
• Hyperactive sebaceous glands, secondary to the three hormone sources above.
• Build-up of dead skin cells.
• Bacteria in the pores.
• Skin irritation or scratching of any sort will activate inflammation.
• Use of anabolic steroids.
• Medicines that contain halogens (iodides, chlorides, bromides), lithium, barbiturates, or androgens.
• Sudden exposure to high levels of chlorine compounds, particularly chlorinated dioxins.


25% of adult men and 50% of adult women get affected by adult acne at some time in their adult lives.


It can cause depression and social anxiety the same way it can in a teenager.


Adult acne is more common than people may think.


The causes of adult acne are unknown; however it is believed to occur because of these reasons:


• Recurrence of acne that cleared up after adolescence
• Flare-up of acne after a period of relative quiet, especially during pregnancy


It is best to consult a dermatologist for the proper treatment.


Treatment for adult acne is the same as treatment for teen acne.


Body acne is a common problem which occurs mostly on the chest, back and buttocks.


Like facial acne, stress and hormones are the cause.


Other factors like perspiration and wearing tight fitting clothing also causes body acne.


Tight-fitting clothing traps perspiration against the skin and mixes with surface oils, thus clogging the pores and causing blemishes.


Though the exact cause of acne is unknown, many doctors believe it is a direct result of a variety of the factors.


One of these factors is the increase in androgens during puberty.


Androgens are hormones, and can cause the enlargement and overstimulation of the sebaceous glands in people with acne.


For both males and females, the increase in androgens during puberty can cause these sebaceous glands to produce more sebum, which is oil.


This oil mixes with dead skin cells and bacteria on the skin and blocks pores.


Inside of these blocked pores bacteria multiplies and leads to swelling, which then causes spots and pimples.


Some researchers also believe that acne is hereditary, and that people with parents who had acne are likely to inherit acne.


Though stress has not been found to be a direct cause of acne, it can lead to aggravated cases of acne.


his happens because when someone is laden with anxiety, their body produces hormones such as cortisol, which exacerbates acne.


Other possible causes of acne include certain medications, drugs, steroids, have or oily make-up, and harsh skin cleansing.


Greasy foods and dirty skin have often been blamed for acne, but there is little evidence supporting these as direct causes of acne.



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