The use of poultry disinfectant plays a major role in the control of poultry disease. They contain chemical compounds and agents that destroy harmful bacteria, fungi, and viruses. While disinfectants and sanitizers may not totally eliminate all organisms, they do effectively reduce them to safer levels. Diseases have always been a concern in poultry houses, particularly in the hatchery. That is why poultry disinfectants are very useful. Here are the top reasons for using poultry disinfectants.
1. Eliminate Certain Diseases
Certain microorganisms are pathogenic, or have the capability to cause diseases. Thus, they need to be eradicated from the premises or poultry houses, and this can be done through cleaning and disinfecting with the use of poultry disinfectant.
Examples of diseases that can be eliminated include:
– Avian influenza – also known as avian flu or bird flu. This disease is caused by influenza viruses closely related to human influenza viruses. Influenza viruses, including avian influenza, pose threat to us humans. Humans can be contracted with the disease through contact with infected fluids, or through handling dead infected birds.
– Fowl cholera – also known as avian cholera, is an infectious disease in waterfowl, domestic fowl and other avian species. Adult birds and old chickens however, are more susceptible to this disease.
– Velogenic Newcastle disease – a contagious disease affecting domestic and wild avian species. The disease can also be transmitted to humans, which can cause conjunctivitis and symptoms similar to influenza.
– Infectious laryngotracheitis – an acute, highly contagious disease among chickens and pheasants. The disease is characterized by severe dyspnea, rales, and coughing.
2. Reduce Stress on Birds
A good flock begins with healthy chicks placed in a clean environment. With the reduction of certain diseases, the amount of stress on birds is also reduced. This means improved health and performance. With a good, healthy flock, business owners in the poultry industry will also benefit from the reduction of medication costs. This in turn, enables poultry owners to maximize profits.
Cleaning and disinfecting should go hand in hand. There are certain microorganisms that are resistant to disinfectants. Examples of these diseases include Avian Reovirus group and infectious bursal disease. Thus, a proper sanitation program is necessary in order to reduce the number of microorganisms to safer levels.
In cleaning and disinfecting, it is important to remove as much organic matter as possible before you use poultry disinfectant. Remove all birds from poultry house. You need to empty feeders, bins and hoppers. Remove all equipment. This applies to hatchers, walls, trays, etc. Uniformly apply disinfectants in the interior of the poultry house as well as in all removed equipment. Fogging may be necessary. Set up mousetraps as well to prevent predator problems.
The cleaning and disinfecting program may vary depending on the poultry house. It is also important to remember that disinfecting with a poultry disinfectant is not a substitute for cleaning. Cleaning and disinfecting need to go together and there has to be a balance between the use of cleaning and disinfecting chemicals.