Type 1 diabetes is more commonly diagnosed in children and young teens rather than adults. This form of diabetes is often called juvenile diabetes due to the fact that it is mostly diagnosed in children.
The disease is not however limited to kids alone. Before we get to how it can be diagnosed in adults who are over 30 lets recap on what Type 1 diabetes actually is.
Type 1 diabetes is a form of diabetes which is insulin dependent. The body undergoes self-harm or self-attack of its own pancreas. When the body’s immune system comes across the insulin producing cells in the pancreas it sees them as foreign cells and attacks.
This is therefore also an autoimmune disease. Auto immune diseases are those where the body mistakenly attacks its own cells. Due to this attack there is less insulin in the body and you will need to supplement it by having regular injections.
Type one diabetes can occur in adults over 30. When you are diagnosed with the disease over 30 it may be given a different name rather than type 1 diabetes. Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults or LADA. It may surprise you to know that research shows 45% of type 1 diabetes diagnosis happens in adults in their 30s.
Often the type 1 diabetes that occurs in adulthood may be diagnosed in a different way. The disease is often misdiagnosed as Type 2 diabetes. This is common mistake as most people do not know you can develop type 1 diabetes as an adult. The best bet to know which diabetes you are suffering from is to see an endocrinologist. You will get the right result and avoid misdiagnosis.
Having type 1 diabetes as an adult can be hard. You will suddenly have to change your entire diet and make better health options. This is because you will need to control how much sugar is getting in your body every day. Too much and your cells will not produce enough insulin to offset it from your blood.
The way the body works is that you ingest food that has glucose in it. Once the food is broken down and the body recognizes it produces insulin. The insulin will then open up your cells to receive the glucose and use it for energy.
When you have Type 1 diabetes the cells named islets in your pancreas that are supposed to sense the glucose in your blood and release insulin are destroyed by your immune system. This way there is nothing regulating the sugar level in your blood leaving it to rise.
High blood sugar levels can eventually lead to blindness, damage of some organs such as the kidneys, and heart, and nerves. The high blood sugar levels will then lead to a coma or even death in worst case scenarios.
Adults over 30 years should undergo regular tests to ensure they are not living with type 1 diabetes unknowingly.